Water, Sanitation and Environmental Conservation
People living in Rusinga face a multitude of problems. The island has suffered enormous environmental degradation, soil erosion and extended drought conditions in recent years leaving little productive land and few opportunities to make money other than through fishing. Furthermore, construction activities, deforestation, vegetation clearance, and poorly planned infrastructure development has led to an increased abundance of mosquito larval habitats, notably those suitable for malaria-transmitting Anopheles.
Waste disposal equipment or dust-bin is lacking in nearly all households. Many residents of Rusinga Islands throw away waste outside their compounds. Some litters find their way to the lake, a practice that results in water pollution. Rusinga Island’s main source of drinking water is Lake Victoria. The unclean water is the cause of waterborne diseases that are decimating the population and health of the island. Proper latrines are not available to the small community to replace the inadequate ones present, and the village is without means to safely deposit human waste. Kolunga Beach in Rusinga Island has one latrine facility for every 200 people. The growing problem of trash in the area offers a startling counter to the village’s complete void of trees, having been cut down to be used as cooking fuel